L A S E R medicine (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) for skin problems
Laser are bundled and high- energy light beams that are aimed at a specific part of the body during laser treatment and have an effect there.
In laser therapy, different target structures, such as the blood pigment (hemoglobin) or the skin organ are selectively heated by the laser light and damaged.
Laser therapies are used successfully for various skin diseases, vascular changes or in the cosmetic field for e.g. skin rejuvenation, annoying pigment marks and hair removal. Depending on the indication and the type of skin changes to be treated, different laser devices are used.
In the following we report on the laser devices most frequently used in dermatology in our practice:
The Erbium:YAG laser is the gold standard for highly precise full ablative or fractional skin removal.
The laser is used for surgical treatment and is well suited to selectively remove unwanted tissue without damaging the surrounding area. Superficially treated skin changes with the Erbium do not cause scarring of the skin.
After the procedure, the treated skin areas are covered with a plaster or small bandage. Within a few days after treatment, a crust forms and falls off after about 7-14 days after which wound healing is completed. In the case of skin rejuvenation, the Erbium Laser allows collagen biosynthesis whereby the process of wound healing takes only a few days.
The use of the Erbium Laser in fractional mode for non-surgical upper and lower eyelid tightening, facial skin rejuvenation and treatment of acne scars has a similar effect, whereby the healing process takes only a few days.
The Erbium:YAG laser is particularly suitable for removing many benign skin changes such as:
- actinic keratoses (precursor to white skin cancer)
- senile warts (seborrheic keratoses)
- viral warts
- scar treatment (incl. acne scars)
- fat deposits on the eyelids (xanthelasma)
- benign birthmarks
- wrinkle treatment or skin rejuvenation and photodamage
- non surgical lift of the eyelids
The QuadroStarPRO Yellow 577 nm laser is ideal for treating superficial vessels and benign pigmented lesions. Through the targeted use of the laser against the red blood pigment (hemoglobin), the laser can be used specifically without damaging healthy tissue. It is suited for:
- enlarged little veins (telangiectasia)
- flat reddening of the skin (often on the cheeks)
- couperose (vasodilatation in the face)
- hemangiomas (blood sponges)
- vascular spiders, spider naevi (small veins running like spiders)
- spider veins (small veins on the legs)
Please note that you should not expose yourself to direct sunlight or solarium after the treatment. In addition, hot baths or sauna visits should be avoid for about 2 weeks after treatment.
You should follow these and other rules that will be discussed with you.
If indicated, the above-mentioned laser treatments are usually covered by private health insurance.
The QuadroStarPRO 980nm laser is a diode laser that is suitable for treating fungal nail infections. The diode laser achieves its effect using a small laser beam. This achieves a heat of up to 300 °C whereby the nail is strongly heated in several cycles during one treatment.
The heat kills the hyphae and spores of the fungus. The treatment is painless. Since the nail fungus infection often affects the entire nail plate and the nail is affected in its entire thickness, the nails should be professionally grounded down before laser treatment.
Since the nail organ grows relatively slowly and this gives the nail fungus the opportunity to grow again in a warm, humid environment (e.g. in shoes), 4-6 laser treatment cycles are recommended. For this reason, additional topical therapy is recommended. The laser treatment takes about 10 minutes per foot, is painless and has shown good effectiveness in several clinical studies.Medical foot care and laser treatment of nail fungus are usually covered by private health insurance.