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Laser medicine & laser therapy

State-of-the-art laser medicine for skin problems

Laser beams are bundled and high-energy light beams that are directed specifically to one area of the body during laser treatment and take effect there.

In laser therapy, different target structures, such as the blood pigment (hemoglobin) or the skin organ, are selectively heated and damaged by the laser light.

Laser therapies are successfully used for various skin diseases, vascular changes or in the cosmetic field, e.g. for skin rejuvenation, disturbing pigmentation marks and hair removal. Different laser devices are used depending on the indication and type of skin changes to be treated.

Below we report on the laser devices most frequently used in our dermatology practice:

The Nd: YAG laser with 1064 nm is ideal for the treatment of superficial vessels and benign pigmented lesions. By using the laser to target the red blood pigment (hemoglobin), the laser can be used specifically for the vascular changes mentioned below without damaging healthy tissue:

  • Single, dilated veins (telangiectasia)
  • Rosacea
  • Extensive reddening of the skin (often on the cheeks)
  • Couperose (vascular dilatation of the face)
  • Hemangiomas (blood sponges)
  • Vascular spiders, spider nevi (spider-shaped veins)
  • Spider veins (small veins on the legs)

Please note that you should not expose yourself to direct sunlight or solarium after the treatment.

In addition, hot baths or saunas should be avoided for approx. 2 weeks. You should adhere to these and other rules that will be discussed with you for at least one week after the treatment.

If indicated, the above-mentioned laser treatments are generally covered by private health insurance.

How are lasers used to treat skin problems?

The Erbium: YAG laser is the gold standard for highly precise, fully ablative or fractional ablation of the skin.

The laser is used for surgical treatment and is well suited to selectively removing unwanted tissue without damaging surrounding tissue. Erbium laser treatment leaves no scars on superficial skin changes.

The treated skin areas are treated with a plaster or small bandage after the procedure. Over the next few days, a crust forms which falls off after about 10 days, so that the wound healing is completed with new skin tissue.

The use of the erbium laser in fractional mode for non-surgical upper and lower eyelid tightening, facial skin rejuvenation or treatment of acne scars has a similar effect, whereby collagen biosynthesis is stimulated in fractional mode and the healing process only takes a few days.

The Erbium:YAG laser is particularly suitable for the removal of benign skin lesions such as :

  • Actinic keratoses (precursor of white skin cancer)
  • Age-related warts (seborrheic keratoses)
  • Viral warts
  • Scar treatment (incl. acne scars)
  • Nail fungus (see below)
  • Fat deposits on the eyelids (xanthelasma)
  • Fibromas
  • Benign birthmarks
  • Wrinkle treatment or skin rejuvenation and light-damaged skin
  • non-surgical eyelid lift

Removing pigeon marks with the IPL

Pigment spots can disturb the appearance of the skin and reduce self-confidence.
impair. Fortunately, IPL laser treatment offers a
effective solution to gently and effectively remove unwanted pigment spots.
remove. IPL stands for Intense Pulsed Light and is also known as
Photofacial or photorejuvenation. The treatment is suitable for
especially for pigment spots caused by sun exposure, skin ageing
or hormonal changes.

The IPL laser
releases high-intensity light with different wavelengths, which
has a targeted effect on the pigment cells in the skin. The pigment cells
absorb the light and are thus heated and destroyed. The
The body then breaks down these destroyed pigments naturally,
which initially makes the pigment spots appear darker and then
gradually fade away. Redness can also be treated at the same time
a positive side effect of this treatment.

Ss more than one treatment necessary?

Yes, in most cases several treatments are required to achieve optimal results. The number of sessions depends on the type and severity of the pigment spots. However, it is quite possible to remove the pigment spot with just one session. It is important to know that the pigmentation initially appears darker and “blasted” and is then broken down by the body and disappears.

What can I expect after the IPL treatment?

After the IPL treatment, the skin may be temporarily reddened, similar to a mild sunburn. However, this redness usually subsides within a few hours. It is important to avoid sun exposure and use sunscreen to protect the skin from additional damage.

Treating nail fungus effectively with the laser

The Erbium:YAG laser is also suitable for treating fungal nail infections. It achieves its effect through heat of up to 300 °C, which heats the nail considerably during treatment.

The heat kills the hyphae and spores of the fungus. In addition, pores are formed in the nail, allowing solutions effective against nail fungus (topicals) to penetrate better through the nail plate. The treatment is painless. As the fungal nail infection usually affects the entire nail plate and the nail is affected in its entire thickness, the nails to be treated should also be sanded down regularly. We also offer professional foot care in our practice.

As nail fungus only grows slowly in a warm, moist environment (e.g. closed footwear) and the formation of the new nail organ can take around 6 months, 4-6 laser treatment cycles are recommended. Laser treatment takes about 10 minutes per foot, is painless and has shown good efficacy in several clinical studies.

Medical pedicure and laser treatment of nail fungus are covered by private health insurance.

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